Materiały dydaktyczne

Przyczynowość

Hill A.B. The Environment and Disease: Association or Causation?295proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1965, 295-300.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1898525/pdf/procrsmed00196-0010.pdf

Badania opisowe

Wojtyniak B. et al. Regional differences in determining cardiovascular diseases as the cause of death in Poland: time for change. Kardiologia Polska, 2012, 70, 695–701.
https://ojs.kardiologiapolska.pl/kp/article/view/67/3250

Drygas et al. Ocena poziomu aktywności fizycznej dorosłej populacji Polski. Wyniki programu WOBASZ Kardiologia Polska 2005; 63: 6 (supl. 4)
https://ojs.kardiologiapolska.pl/kp/article/view/2742/5916

Zatoński W. et al. Ecological study of reasons for sharp decline in mortality from ischaemic heart disease in Poland since 1991. BMJ 1998, 316, 1047–51
http://www.bmj.com/content/bmj/316/7137/1047.full.pdf

Badania ekologiczne

Loke T.W. et al. Prostate cancer incidence in Australia correlates inversely with solar radiation. BJU I, 2011, 108 (Suppl. 2), 66–70
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10736.x/pdf

Pickett K.E. et al. Child wellbeing and income inequality in rich societies: ecological cross sectional study BMJ  2007, BMJ, 335, 1080-
http://www.bmj.com/content/bmj/335/7629/1080.full.pdf

Badania przekrojowe

Piwoński  J. et.al. Czy  poziom wsparcia społecznego  jest  związany  z zachowaniami  zdrowotnymi  modyfikującymi ryzyko  sercowo-naczyniowe ? Wyniki badania WOBASZ. Kadriol Pol 2012,70,803-809.
https://ojs.kardiologiapolska.pl/kp/article/view/40/3223

Pająk, A., Szafraniec, K., Kubinova, R., Malyutina, S., Peasey, A., Pikhart, H., Bobak, M. (2013). Binge drinking and blood pressure: Cross-sectional results of the HAPIEE study. PLoS One, 8(6)
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0065856&type=printable

Badania kliniczno-kontrolne (case-control)

Yusuf S. et al. Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet, 2004, 364937–952.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673604170189

D’Souza G. et al. Case-Control Study of Human papillomavirus and oropharyngeal Cancer. NEJM 2007, 356, 1944-56
http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa065497

Millen A. E. et al. Diet and Melanoma in a Case-Control Study. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2004, 13, 1042–51
http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/13/6/1042 lub http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/cebp/13/6/1042.full.pdf

Badania prospektywne (kohortowe)

Freedman N. D. et al. Association of Coffee Drinking with Total and Cause-Specific Mortality, N Engl J Med 2012; 366:1891-1904
http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1112010

Zaridze D et al. Alcohol and mortality in Russia: prospective observational study of 151 000 adults. Lancet, 2014, 383, 1465-1473
http://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140-6736(13)62247-3.pdf

Randomizowane Badania Kliniczne (RCT)

Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study Group. Randomised trial of cholesterol lowering in 4444 patients with coronary heart disease: the Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study (4S). Lancet, 1994, 344, 1383-1389
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673694905665?_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_origin=gateway&_docanchor=&md5=b8429449ccfc9c30159a5f9aeaa92ffb

Heart Protection Study Collaborative Group. The effects of cholesterol lowering with simvastatin on cause-specific mortality and on cancer incidence in 20,536 high-risk people: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. BMC Medicine, 2005, 3, 6.
https://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1741-7015-3-6

De Boer M.-J. et al. Reperfusion Therapy in Elderly patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction. A randomized Comparison of  Primary Angioplasty and Thrombolytic Therapy. J Am Col Cardiol 2002, 39, 1723-8.
http://www.onlinejacc.org/content/accj/39/11/1723.full.pdf

Sabatine M.S. Evolocumab and Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease. N Engl J Med, 2017
http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1615664

Zinman B. et al. Empagliflozin, Cardiovascular Outcomes, and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes. N Engl J Med 2015;373:2117-28.
http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMoa1504720

Populacyjne Randomizowane Badania Kliniczne (Cluster RCT)

Wood et al.  Nurse-coordinated multidisciplinary, family-based cardiovascular
disease prevention programme (EUROACTION) for patients with coronary heart disease and asymptomatic individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease: a paired, cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2008, 371,  1999–2012
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673608608685

Meta-analizy (Ilościowe przeglądy piśmiennictwa)

Piepoli M.F. et al. Exercise training meta-analysis of trials in patients with chronic heart failure (ExTraMATCH) BMJ 2004;328:189
http://www.bmj.com/content/328/7433/189

Keeley E.C. et al. Primary angioplasty versus intravenous thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction: a quantitative review of 23 randomised trials. 2003, 361,  13–20.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673603121137

Wartość testu diagnostycznego

Ichikawa L. E. et al. Time Trends in Radiologists’ Interpretive Performance at Screening Mammography from the Community-based Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium, 1996–2004. Radiology. 2010, 256, 74–82.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897687/

Kavanagh,A. M.  et al The sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of screening mammography and symptomatic status. J Med Screen 2000,7, 105–110
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1136/jms.7.2.105

Podręczniki

Bonita R., Beaglehole R., Kjellstrom T., Basic Epidemiology 2nd edition, World Health Organization, Geneva. 2007
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/43541/1/9241547073_eng.pdf

Beaglehole R., Bonita R., Kjellstrom T., Podstawy Epidemiologii, Tłumaczenie pod redakcją N. Szeszeni-Dąbrowskiej, Oficyna Wydawnicza  Instytutu Medycyny Pracy im. Prof. J. Nofera,  Łódź. 2002
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/36838/6/8388261134_pol.pdf

Strony internetowe

Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions, 2017,
www.cochrane.org

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